©Tom Schaefer a b c . Migratory birds link people, cultures and places. Although the neo-tropical migrant is small in stature, it has a loud, distinctive call. Part of this is due to their very specific requirement in nesting habitat, 80% of which which has been lost over the last 150 years. Creamy or pink, with spots of brown. During the winter, they are most common in mangrove swamps, but they also use tropical dry forest and wooded areas near streams… The Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea) is a migratory bird protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 and listed on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act as an endangered species. VCU’s researchers received funding to exchange skills and resources with Audubon Society partners in Panama, where prothonotary warblers migrate in the fall. PROTHONOTARY WARBLER HABITAT SELECTION, NEST SURVIVAL, AND BREEDING DEMOGRAPHICS | This project encompasses one chapter of my M.S. The prothonotary warbler is the only eastern warbler to nest in tree cavities. Fed by both parents. Eggs. Protonotaria citrea The name "prothonotary" refers to the yellow robes worn by clerks in the Catholic Church. The male bird's simple, melodious song is a series of loud, repeated “zweet” notes. Prothonotary Warbler. The decline of this habitat is the most critical threat to the species’ breeding success and has contributed to the prothonotary’s decline over much of its historic breeding range. The prothonotary warbler is the only eastern warbler to nest in tree cavities. Leave nest 10-11 days after hatching. They tend to avoid forest patches smaller than about 250 acres or forest borders less than 100 feet wide. The prothonotary warbler is a common spring and summer resident on Tensas River NWR. Project boxes have raised more than 26,000 prothonotary warblers and helped make Virginia one of the few states with a growing number of this species. The prothonotary warbler is a small, brightly-colored yellow bird that frequents the tidal swamp forest in spring and summer. Young: Fed by both parents. Easily recognizable because of its brilliant yellow plumage, it is fairly easy to spot in the forest. Preferred Nesting Habitat: PROWs prefer areas with stagnant or slow moving water, especially those that only flood intermittently, such as swamps (especially bald cypress swamps), ponds, wet forested bottomlands, flooded river valleys, and streams with willows, backyard ponds. When visitors come to the refuge, one of the main spots of interest is the lake. Description of critical habitat of the Prothonotary Warbler in Big Creek National Wildlife Area. It breeds in hardwood swamps in extreme southeastern Ontario and eastern United States. The Prothonotary Warbler's key wintering habitat is coastal mangrove forest in Central America and northern South America (Lefebvre et al. But they also use forests along rivers such as the Mississippi, so they occur farther north than you might expect in Wisconsin and all the way north to New Hampshire along other rivers. These birds are a species of concern since their population has declined 40% over the last 50 years. It is the only wood warbler in the eastern US that breeds in tree cavities. These birds are cavity nesters and typically prefer cavities lower in a tree that is over or very near to standing water. Cavities low in trees, such as holes excavated by the Downy Woodpecker, are prized as nest sites. The Wooded swamps are a safe place for the Prothonotary Warbler, it holds not a lot of threats for the Prothonotary Warbler except for the occasional raccoon, or in the more southern areas the alligators and crocodiles. These warblers prefer lowland forests near standing water for nesting sites. In 2014 a four-year-old bird from Louisiana was tracked and he covered over 5,000 miles and 7 countries in 8 months. VCU and Audubon researchers travel to Panama to share their training and technical expertise on monitoring and conserving Neotropical migrant songbirds and shorebirds in Panama. It is a rare vagrant to western states, most notably California. The project has since installed more than 600 nesting boxes in tidal freshwater regions of the James River. This collaborative effort is Team Warbler from Chesapeake Bay to Panama Bay and Back — Cross Cultural Connections Supporting Sustainable Communities.


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