Siege of Málaga (1455), a siege by Henry IV of Castile. Charles was heir to Navarre, and he revolted against his father in 1450 when he refused to cede the throne of Navarre. We provide you with news from the entertainment industry. In 1440, at the age of fifteen, he was married to Blanche II of Navarre. This process resulted in the formation of a League of Nobles in March 1460. Le pacte ainsi conclu est cependant rompu peu après : le mariage, quasi-secret, d'Isabelle avec Ferdinand d'Aragon (1469) amène en effet Henri IV à désigner sa fille Jeanne pour lui succéder. Il est le fils de Jean II et de Marie d'Aragon. Popular . His other main concerns were the possibility of intervention from John II of Navarre, establishing peace with France and Aragon, and pardoning various aristocrats. To see what your friends thought of this book. His will left his crown to his sister, Isabella, who was asked to take her brother's place as the champion of the rebels. Enhardis par ce succès, les Grands décident de déposer le roi (la farce d'Ávila du 5 juin 1465) et proclament l'infant Alphonse. The companions of his own age included Juan Pacheco, who became his closest confidant. He was the son of John II of Castile and Maria of Aragon, daughter of King Ferdinand I of Aragon. [6], In 1458, Alfonso V of Aragon died and was succeeded by his brother, John II of Navarre. Henry was the fourth of ten illegitimate children of King Alfonso XI of Castile and Eleanor de Guzmán, a great-granddaughter of Alfonso IX of León. It is ironic that Henry was born on January 5, the Eve of Epiphany - the Feast of Kings - for no man was ever less suited to be a king. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). XL,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. Henry IV of Castile (Castilian: Enrique IV) (5 January 1425 – 11 December 1474), King of the Crown of Castile, nicknamed the Impotent (ruled 1454–1474), was the last of the weak late medieval kings of Castile. Ses ennemis accusent le roi d'impuissance et expriment des doutes sur la consommation du mariage. Henry was a striking man. Tall, blonde and well-built, he had broken his nose as a child. Six years after the birth of the throne’s heir, part of the nobility of Castile revolted against the king. He was the son of John II of Castile and Maria of Aragon, daughter of King Ferdinand I of Aragon. Henry frees the counts of Alba and Treviño, prisoners since the Záfraga coup, and annulled the exile of the Admiral Don Fadrique, Valdeón Baruque, Julio, "Los Trastámaras", p.135, Martín, José Luis, "Enrique IV", ed. Posts about Henry IV of Castile written by liamfoley63. À l'âge de 15 ans, lors d'une cérémonie présidée par le cardinal Juan de Cervantes, Henri est marié à la princesse Blanche de Navarre, fille de la reine Blanche Ire de Navarre et du roi Jean II d'Aragon. Henry IV of Castile : biography 5 January 1425 – 11 December 1474 Henry IV (Castilian: Enrique, ) (5 January 1425 – 11 December 1474), King of the Crown of Castile, nicknamed the Impotent (ruled 1454–1474), was the last of the weak late medieval kings of Castile. [3][4] Henry convened the Cuéllar Courts to launch an offensive against the Emirate of Granada. [13] So he agreed a settlement in the Judgment of Bayonne. After six years of marriage, in 1462, she gave birth to a daughter, Joan, nicknamed "La Beltraneja". Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Welcome back. Six years after the birth of the throne's heir, part of the nobility of Castile revolted against the king. By 1444, Henry became Prince of Asturias.Martín, p. 41. Works by this author published before January 1, 1925 are in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago. The marriage was never consummated. Premium Membership is now 50% off! The doubt of her legitimacy as an heir, the weakness of the king, the adultery of the queen, and the unruliness of the nobility all set the stage for a struggle for succession after Henry’s death. Start by marking “Henry IV of Castile” as Want to Read: Error rating book. Refresh and try again. At the time of his birth, Castile was under control of Álvaro de Luna, Duke of Trujillo, who intended to select Henry's companions and direct his education. He was born a twin to Fadrique Alfonso, Lord of Haro, and was the first boy born to the couple that survived to adulthood. The remoteness of Aragon led to an approach to Portugal. Henry IV’s first marriage was childless and ended in divorce. The siblings were later moved to Henry's court at Madrid and were placed in the household of Henry’s wife, Queen Joan. Be the first to ask a question about Henry IV of Castile. Alfonso then became Prince of Asturias, a title previously held by Joanna. He achieved this by marrying a second time, to Joan of Portugal in 1455, and by meeting Afonso V of Portugal in Elvas in 1456. Isabella would go on to break this stipulation of the agreement. The struggles, reconciliations and intrigues for power among the aristocracy, Álvaro de Luna, and the Infantes of Aragon would be constant. Isabella became Castile's next monarch when he died in 1474. Il accède au trône en 1454 et les premières années de son règne sont riches d'espérances. In 1472, King Henry IV of Castile elevated the County of Alba de Tormes into a hereditary Duchy. [17][18] This neatly reflected the recent political changes: Castille had supported Charles, Prince of Viana in his fight against John II of Aragon for the Navarrese throne since 1451, and Álvaro de Luna, Duke of Trujillo had been executed in May 1453, leaving Henry with greater control of Castille. His other main concerns were the possibility of interv… He then married a Portuguese princess Joana, who bore a daughter, Juana (La Beltraneja). Before the birth of his daughter, Henry convened the Court in Madrid and Joanna was sworn in as Princess of Asturias. John II died on 20 July 1454. [26][27] This caused a change in alliances: Mendoza began to support the king, and Pacheco revived the Aristocratic League aimed at eliminating the influence of Beltrán de la Cueva.


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