In this scenario, he failed in his duty as a father, and the consequences of his act would affect his entire family. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food. Consequentialism is morality based on consequences. The practical focus is to determine what is rational―as per the rules and as per the correct action. Of these, consequentialism determines the rightness or wrongness of actions by examining its consequences. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014, DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233625.001.0001, PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE ( Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. 1. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! Whereas, consequentialism focuses on the consequences of the action. The consequentialist philosophy might require that the interest of someone is sacrificed for something better. Morality is a rather controversial topic and invites several philosophical debates. DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233625.003.0008, Introduction: British Ethical Theorists from Sidgwick to Ewing, 8 Act-Consequentialism, Pluralist Deontology, 11 Self-Benefit, Distribution, Punishment, British Ethical Theorists from Sidgwick to Ewing, 6 Moral Truths: Underivative and Derived, 8 Act-Consequentialism, Pluralist Deontology, 11 Self-Benefit, Distribution, Punishment. Whereas, consequentialism focuses on the consequences of the action. Deontology and consequentialism are two contrasting, normative ethical theories that determine the morality of an action. We hope you enjoy this website. Consequentialism focuses on the consequences or results of an action. In utilitarianism, consequences of an action are determined by a ‘greatest good for the greatest number’. More importantly, deontology doesn’t focus on the consequences of action, whereas consequentialism mainly focuses on the consequences. There have been many criticisms of virtue ethics due to the absence of a rational experience. They clash because each offers a different approach to determining “right” from “wrong.” To troubleshoot, please check our The focus is on getting what is good, and getting what you want. consequentialism, utilitarianism, deontology, benevolence, non-maleficence, promises, punishment, Henry Sidgwick, H.A. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. In such a case, the best and right action would be to save his son, for if his son is safe and sound, he will be mentally happy and relieved to earn more money and plan a better future for his family. What is Deontology      – Definition, Characteristics, Focus2. You believe that lying is a bad action, no matter the results; therefore, you would tell that you hate it even if you are hurting your friend. This Buzzle post explains the consequentialism vs. deontology vs. virtue ethics comparison. Virtue ethics state that the man must be ideal and righteous and moral, and have the criminal punished despite the fact that he is his son. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. The central question is, ‘What kind of a person should I be?’ Thus, virtue ethics do not concentrate on the correctness of the act, but the moral conduct of the agent who is performing the act. The term was originally coined in the essay titled “Moral Modern Philosophy”, by G.E.M. Consequentialism vs. Deontology Consequentialism vs. Deontology Chapter: (p.150) 7 Consequentialism vs. Deontology Source: British Ethical Theorists from Sidgwick to Ewing Author(s): Thomas Hurka Publisher: Oxford University Press Prichard, W.D. It does not hold true if the two requirements are in conflict. All Rights Reserved. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. According to the definition of deontology in ethics, it focuses more on obligation, duty, or ideal expectations. Deontology takes root from the Greek words deon (duty) and logos (study). Meanwhile, deontology determines the rightness or wrongness of actions by examining action themselves, without focusing on their consequences. It is different from both the above concepts as it concentrates completely on virtues and ideals. For example, telling a lie is a right action if it can have good consequences like saving someone’s life. Thus, according to consequentialism, a morally right act is an act that will produce good results. . But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. 3 Reasons Doing Nothing Can Actually be Productive, 3 Myths Far Too Many People Believe About the Past. Here, you are demonstrating a deontological position as you are disregarding the possible consequences of your actions when determining what is right and what is wrong. A person’s morality may be judged on a number of factors. Consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics are moral theories that evaluate morality on the basis of different factors. Assume that a nurse is tending to a cancer patient, and is faced with the dilemma of whether or not to tell him the truth that he has only a few months to live. It stresses on the fact that morality of a person or action depend on how ideal the character traits are. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. date: 26 November 2020. According to this theory, people have to do the right action, even if it brings bad results. Difference Between Deontology and Consequentialism     – Comparison of Key Differences. Consequentialism and deontology are two such theories that are classified under ethics of conduct, i.e., our behavior and the way we conduct ourselves. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. What should she do in this case? Deontology is a sub-category of consequentialism that focuses on punishment for breaking rules, or harm to society based on breaking rules. Consequentialists state that maximum happiness achieved is what is good; the actions that maximize this good are right. Subtle DistinctionAccording to American philosopher John Rawls, under deontology, an action is right if it is good and vice versa. Difference Between Positivism and Realism, What is the Difference Between Barbecuing and Grilling, What is the Difference Between Escape Conditioning and Avoidance Conditioning, What is the Difference Between Fiscal Year and Calendar Year, What is the Difference Between Turkey and Chicken, What is the Difference Between Cowboy and Wrangler, What is the Difference Between Epic Theatre and Dramatic Theatre. Consequentialism refers to a set of normative ethical theories that states an action should be judged right or wrong on the basis of its consequences. Consequentialism and Deontological theories are two of the main theories in ethics. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. As the word suggests, it concentrates on the consequences, irrespective of the intention. Deontology and consequentialism are two contrasting normative ethical theories that determine the morality of an action. Get a brand new article like this in your inbox every Friday. Immanuel Kant, a famous deontologist, is considered to have formulated modern deontological ethics, which stresses on the fact that the morality of a person is dependent on how well he fulfills his duties and obligations. “Ethics – Introduction to Ethics: Consequentialism.” BBC, Available here.3. We sometimes describe this theory as duty-, rule-, or obligation-based. The essence is to do the task, according to how right it is presumed to be. What is Consequentialism    – Definition, Characteristics, Focus3. Under consequentialism, however, an action is right if the consequence is completely good. In short, deontology is a non-consequential theory since the goodness or badness of an action in this theory does not depend on its consequences.


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